It is imperative that the Nile resources be equitably shared

November 23, 2018


Like other Rivers, Streams, most Lakes, which flow, or boarder with different countries, out of such passage, they keep on providing benefits of different nature, depending on the geographical nature of these countries.

Among the resources provided by some of the Rivers, Streams and lakes do provide include, water in particular, potable, and application in miscellaneous activities, fish, gas, electricity, rain, wind beauty scenery and many others good things. Among these, the River Nile too, does provide some of them as earlier on listed above, in some of the countries which constitute The Nile Valley.

It is imperative that the Nile resources be equitably shared (Phot/ Net)

As frequently indicated among some reports from different projects, and Organizations responsible for The River Nile, the reports indicate that it is imperative for the countries where the Nile flows through to share equitably the resources from the River, most importantly that each and every country which make up the Nile Valley does something on the River, as a way of conserving and protecting it.

As some of the projects and organizations indicated, they pointed out that normally the Nile Water is shared in the following way: Sudan uses 934.5 cubic meters, Eritrea 3.8 cubic meters, Ethiopia 59.0cubic meters; Uganda 9.2cubic meters; D.R.Congo 0.1cubic meters; Kenya 7.0cubic meters; Tanzania 14.6cubic meters; Rwanda 4.8cubic meters; Burundi4.4cubic meters, whereas Egypt uses 2165.8, as indicated through the data from different organizations. It is imperative the benefits from the resources attributed to this River should be increased among some of the member countries.

The research which was made by the ten countries embedded in the Nile Valley (10), The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI), indicated that the member countries should be equitably sharing the River’s resources in the following way: Suda should be using 612m3 of its water; Eritrea 76m3; Ethiopia, 290m3; Uganda 288m3; Democtaratic Republic of Congo 71 m3,71m3, Kenya,122m3, Tanzania ,137m3, Rwanda, 115m3, Burundi , 72m3; Egypt 651m3.

In this case, countries like Egypt and the Sudan will encounter a loss, because they will lose many cubic meters of water, of which have been at their disposal for utilization, where Egypt will lose 1.515m3, whereas Sudan will lose 323m3.

This research shows that percentagewise, Burundi’s utilization of the Nile water is at 0.14%; Rwanda, 0.15%; Tanzania 0.46%; Kenya 0.22%; DRC,0.00%; Uganda 0.29%; Ethiopia1.84%; Eritrea 0.12%; Sudan 29.17% whereas Egypt USES 67.61%".

After negotiations among the countries which make up the Nile Valley, a consensus pertaining to the utilization of the Nile waters in the following way: Burundi will be using 2.95% of the Nile water Rwanda 4.74%; Tanzania 5.64%; Kenya 5.02%; DRC2.90%; Uganda 11.84%; Ethiopia 11.92%; Eritrea 3.13%; Sudan 25.13%; Egypt 26.74%, this will make happy very many people who reside in some of these countries, because everybody will be feeling that the River belongs to him.

As regards Rwanda, within the programme of sharing the River Nile related resources, its utilization rate of the Nile water will be increased by 4.59% . Among these include the possibility of constructing a hydroelectricity dam AT Rusumo in the Eastern Province Kirehe District.

Engineer .Déo Mbesherubusa the Representative Rusumo Regional Falls Projects within the Nile Basin Initiative, highlighted that the Rusumo generated electricity will be shared among the three countries, and the transmission to Burundi will go up to Gitega, and it will be high tension , while Tanzania the transmission will stop at Biharamuro it will also be in a form of high tension form.

Mbesherubusa said, "All these activities were financed by the African Development Bank during the first Study, whereas the Second study was financed by The World Bank, (WB), Sweden International Development Agency (SIDA), as per MORAS, it financed the first Study".

He reiterated that the project of generating electricity from Rusumo Falls had been conceived in 1972, however, it couldn’t be implemented, currently, works have started, and all activities are executed by Japanese Company called Grant Aid Project. This electricity is timely, because it is one of the factors which speed up economy it is vital in industrialization and other different activities generally.

How do other Projects view the Nile River

Makuza Rugumire Emmanuel, Coordinator for Confidence Building and Stakeholders Involvement ( Confidence building and stakeholders involvement), under the Nile Basin, which is as well responsible for information as regards the activities underway, as well as those anticipated to be done, in line with the exploitation of the River Nile, and conserving The Nile Valley, which operates under the Nile Basin Initiative,

Makuza said, according to the research we carried out, it indicates that 75% of Egypt’s population study about water related courses, exploiting it, and others, because they are the ones who mostly use River Nile, and it is in this context that Rwandans too, ought be enthusiastic in embracing the natural resources.

He emphasized that this will be a very useful project, because some of the countries which are member countries to the Nile Valley will get electricity.

He had this to say, "From Rwanda to Burundi, the Nile water is full of soil, however, if you reach Egypt, you find a colourless clear water, it is is this respect that that everybody should be having a role in cleaning the water, he lives on ". He further requested Rwandan population and other countries to clean Nile water, and everybody should strive to see to it that the neighboring river, stream has a very clean and clear water.

Makuza said, as per our side, we show the population the way they should be protecting the water from being infected with water hyacinths, dirty, erosion, landslide, thus preventing the hipping up of the soil in the River".

Makuza reiterated that normally like other rivers crossing in different countries not all rivers have got the same colour, as well as properly conserving them here we can take an example of river Danube , Rhine River, in this regard, we can give you an example of Lake Chad, Lake Tanganyika and others. He said, “Through the partnership and different meetings, regarding countries within the Nile Valley, which will also help us in the process of exploiting the River Nile, after the populatce will have known the benefits it has for themie the population of the ten countries where the Nile flows through ".

The Association for Non Governmental organizations striving to conserve the environment and sanitation RWASEF, Rwanda NGOs Forum on Water, sanintation,

(Rwanda NGO’S Forum on water, sanitation and environment) John Gakumba says that organizations like that solve many problems on behalf of the, because it has manifested many times that spoiling ecosystem id caused by lack of cooperation . Gakumba said, “because it has been evidenced several times that spoiling ecosystem is caused by lack of cooperation for the purpose of brainstorming and advice amongst themselves, as far as the way forward”.

As per the conservation of the Nile, for the sake of exploiting it, he said that they will do it through organizations and Forums like ANEW, NBDF, FAN, NBI, RENGOF, and other organizations which aren’t governmental., other International NGOs’

It is in this aspect that every citizen should have unmistaken will in conserving and protecting biodiversity aound him, for the sole purpose of protecting water, most especially that when water appears to be crystal clear and clean water, it becomes more productive, as far as exploiting it is concerned, more than that which is full of silt.

Byiringiro Jean Elysee / Indatwa.org

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